The Palkot block comes under climatic zone VI, so the entire block is completely rain fed. After entering into NRLM programme and change the approach by aligning with a new stance, the means of livelihood has been changed. it is increasing with the more number of SHG and saturation in the village, Financial support from NRLM like RF, CIF, and bank linkage have also boost and motivate people to opt livelihood options in diversified ways, community feels more interest in opting more than one livelihood options like Agriculture, horticulture, lac, Goat rearing, Papaya plantation, marigold plantation, Backyard poultry, broiler farming, Vermicompost, mushroom cultivation, etc. The system of livelihood planning is also becoming a community-led. We experience some change in the planning process in which primarily all federation members, VO members and Ajeevika Mitra (AKM) discuss about the area context and then plan for their area in timeline, after that they discussed in Village organization, and then all the SHG plan and collect their contribution for input arrangement after that Ajeevika Committee approach to market or cooperative for input arrangement. In this process Agriculture production cluster (APC) approach is very helpful, we started production cluster approach where more than 50 members of every VO started single type of livelihood option and they plan for input arrangement to marketing at the similar time, they purchase input and do common nursery that seed on same time, and maintain that in transplantation to marketing, at the time of marketing, all the members of Ajivika Committee along with the help of AKM take decision and call the traders, traders take the produce and give all money at the doorsteps of farmers. Sometimes when the price of the market varies some of the farmers took theirs produces to the nearest local market, due to this approaches community direct sell their produce to the traders, therefore negotiation skill of SHG members have also been increased.

 

NRLM also gave some fund for stabilizing Community Facilitation Center (CFC) for some of the APC area, total 4 CFC in Palkot where, members of Ajeevika Samity with the help of Cooperative, purchased some agriculture tools like, portable machine, crates, marker, wider, weighing machine, etc, they keep these assets in their village and lend villagers with minimum rent for maintenance, which also helps those people who are not able to purchase required machinery by their own and left out from the livelihood. CFC also helps in introducing farm mechanization among community, women friendly and reduces the drudgery of women.

Nowadays this Production Cluster system is practiced only for agriculture but now we started this approach in all livelihood options like newly we initiate Backyard poultry in this approach in eight villages at Palkot, where more than 50 SHG members started backyard poultry and plane for vaccination at the same time, We trained Pashushakhi in these villages, who are completely community paid, community initiated BYP and initially earn more than 8000 Rs. in a year, Whereas in Palkot block there is a goat production cluster and mango production cluster has been already stabilized. An Agri-Horticulture cooperative society is also playing a vital role in input arrangement and marketing. Along with this we also initiated mushroom cultivation, marigold plantation, Papaya plantation, semiyalata lac cultivation, vermicompost production, etc,  this year 50 families in Palkot have planted marigold and earn on an average 5000 – 8000 per family and 38 families started vermicompost by their own contribution,  these initiation have started with some broad objective like enhancing family earning from this source, these interventions are women-friendly and the important thing is to mitigate the nutritional requirement of women and children of these areas.

Major capacity building programs on livelihood promotion

  • Training to livelihood subcommittee for making a plan around agriculture and livestock.

  • SHG level livelihood discussion

  • Discussions around the scope of interventions, crop selection.

  • Focus on APC- Nurseries has been promoted to protect from disease and pest.

  • Introduction of the new crops with better demand in the market.

  • Cadre selection and training 

  • Alignment with Krishi Bagwani 

Nursery preparation

  • Common shed net house or without a net house but done collectively consists of 10-32 members at one place

  • Cluster-wise nursery day

  • We have adopted poly tube nursery for transplanting in early Kharif for snatch the higher price in the market.

Accessing markets, price realization- strategies & actions

We have had our market exploration to nearby markets like Simdega and Ranchi. A major focus is on the traders those have been always being a part in our output linkage will be a part this time. We have our village point people who are engaged in linking farmers to market through collecting data of production and connecting with various markets for better price realization to farmers. Major of our products have been sold to the local market of Palkot, kolebira, Gumla, Ranchi, and Simdega.

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© 2019 Mahila Vikas Mandal, Palkot 

Registered Under Societies Registration Act 1860. Registration No, 368/2013-2014